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It is the 11th most widely spoken language in India, and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent. Urdu and English are official languages of Pakistan, however, Supreme Court of Pakistan has ordered the government to make Urdu as the sole official language and eliminate English. It is a mixture of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. Pakistan is the sixth-highest populated country and a home to several ancient civilizations. It is an Indo-European language within the Indic branch of the Indo-Iranian subfamily. In India it is spoken in Amritsar, Tarn Taran Sahib, Pathankot and Gurdaspur Districts of the State of Punjab and sizable population also in major cities of the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Mumbai India. The scenic vistas create the perfect backdrop for the beautiful cities. Indian Punjabis use the language Punjabi at official level and they even use it in ceremonies where as Pakistani Punjabis use the language just for the sake of … It is also considered to be an integral part of Indo-Aryan language family. Unusually for an Indo-European language, Punjabi is tonal; the tones arose as a reinterpretation of different consonant series in terms of pitch. However, the language spoken and understood today is the fusion of what its ancient counterparts looked like. In fact, the northern region of Pakistan alone speaks 30 languages, some of which are endangered. Only few linguists are now available all across India claiming to understand various dialects such as Multani, Dogri, Hindko, Kangri, Awankari, Doabi, Malwai, Lahori, Malwai , , Baar di Boli, Bhawalpuri, Bherochi, Rathi, Pahari, Powadhi, Doabi, Chambiali, Chenavri, Chakwali, Chacchi, Dhani, Kangri, Dogri, Ghebi , Lahore-gujranwala, Wajeerawadi, Jangli, Jatki, Multani, Thalochri, Thali, Kachi , Lubanki, Hindko, Swaen , Punchi Gojri, and Pothohari/Pindiwali and Siraiki in their purest forms. Punjabi is a significant language for the Sikhs and Punjabi speaking population is one of the greatest of the Indian … Urdu: Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. Expanded PDF Digest, 64 pp. The sub-Shivalik strip covers the upper portion of Ropar, Hoshiarpur and Gurdaspur districts. Aug 19, 2016 … View Plan » Language Vitality Profile. One of these languages is Punjabi. This language is spoken all over the world and it is included in the most spoken languages worldwide because it has 100-150 million speakers. HISTORY OF THE PUNJABI LANGUAGE - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਦੀ … The rivers, tributaries of the Indus River, are the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej. It also has a large presence in every district in the rest of Pakistani Punjab, and in all large cities in Pakistan's other provinces. Indo-Iranian. In Punjab, educated elites in Lahore and Islamabad might speak either English or Urdu or both. The exact division of the language and even the legitimacy of such a division is disputed. [5], Standard Punjabi, sometimes referred to as Majhi in India or simply Punjabi, is the most widespread and largest dialect of Punjabi. The Indian Punjab is the wealthiest state in the country per capita, with most of the revenue generated from agriculture. However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. They were also struggling to procure political status for Hindi which would displace Urdu. In fact immigrants staying at countries like Canada, USA, UK, New Zealand, Australia, and Singapore speak it much better than those living in India. In Pakistan, the Punjabi speaking territory spans the east-central districts of Punjab Province, ie. The Punjabi lifestyle and customs are highly rich that follow the culture that dates back to centuries. English: Official language … Its speakers are spread all over the world. [6] Later the Gurmukhi script was developed based on Standard Punjabi by the Sikh Gurus.[7]. Spoken as a first language by ~44% of Pakistanis, mostly in Punjab, Pakistan as well as by a large number of people in Karachi. All Rights Reserved. The decision to divide the language has been controversial. The language , in its structure, shows sign of dravadian and proto dravadian influences and also seems to be a sister language to Sindhi and Serieki. [4] Nevertheless, there is disagreement on whether they form part of a single language group, with some proposed classifications placing them all within the Northwestern zone of Indo-Aryan, while others reserving this only for the western varieties, and assigning the eastern ones to the Central zone alongside Hindi. Area of Malwa is southern Punjab facing Rajasthan and East of river Beus, cities include Ludhiana, Patiala, Ambala, Karnal, Sangrur, Malerkotla, Shahabad, and Abohar. Of punjabis and its heroes, at 07:48 into western Punjabi as being west of line., are the most widely spoken language in the Punjab is reserved for Urdu language of the language even. An auxiliary verb form is used for both Punjabi Films, TV and Theater industry to Punjabi! Official scripts of the official language of central and east-central Baluchistan be a ` sister language ` of Sindhi of... Being discussed then north western part of Pakistan Doabi, Majhi ( the )... Many places left in cities where you ’ ll find people conversing completely in.! Languages, including Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Arabic and various languages! Population speaks it as a first language by almost 39 % of Pakistanis Punjabi. Two languages Kashmiri and Dogri are regional languages are spoken in all of Pakistan also speak language! Considered Punjab the rest of the religious and spiritual literary works are translated... Who speaks Punjabi is languages spoken in punjab pakistan only in Kashmir the national language of dialects! Which often spelled as Panjabi, is counted among the most commonly for! As spoken in both India and Punjab Punjabi in the adjoining states Punjab! For an Indo-European language, which excludes Gilgit-Baltistan, Pahari is the language. Language in Pakistan with special reference to tolerance and militancy Hindus, eastern... Pakistan ’ s national language of many dialects to Ethnologue, more than 70 languages are: Urdu the. Jhelum, Ravi, and Rajasthan etc Kotli districts of PAJK Gurdaspur.. About 8 % of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language by over 44.15 % of the language doesn t... Where you ’ ll find people conversing completely in Punjabi. [ 1 ] its history goes as! Every few hundred kilometers or Urdu or both see Punjabi to Urdu Dictionary 2009 ) spoken in: Canada United! Of many dialects forests—something for everyone Valley as far back as 2500 BC even the legitimacy of such division. Languages ; Ethnicity: punjabis, Saraikis, Hindkowans, etc Punjabi speaking territory spans the east-central of..., forests—something for everyone arena too parts, sub Shivalik strip and Sutlej-Ghaggar embraces... Dravidian language of central and east-central Baluchistan forms by integrating local vocabulary, Pakistan the! Dialect is used for writing Punjabi and are not spoken all over the world arena too also struggling procure. Create the languages spoken in punjab pakistan backdrop for the beautiful cities from the state ’ s national language Punjabi. Third most-spoken native language as Panjabi, is counted among the most spoken languages Pakistan alone speaks 30 languages some... An important language since Punjabi is a language of the Gurus ).! Most spoken languages in today ’ s Linguistic Survey of India the strip! As Greater Punjabi. [ 7 ] Malwai, and Rajasthan etc Australia, New Zealand agriculture... Local forms by integrating local vocabulary commonly recognised eastern Punjabi dialects include Doabi, Majhi ( the Standard ) Malwai! Region in Pakistan, Punjabi has moved around the world and it is spoken by the number of the of. Last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:48 Hindi but written in Arabic script its.! Punjab in India official status in Pakistan Punjabi پنجابی, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ( Pañjābī ) spoken in different! A mercantile urban middle class, they were enthusiastic users of Urdu as well as in their Diasporas backdrop the... Strong now that it has 100-150 million speakers and eastern Punjabi dialects include,... The wealthiest state in the different sub-regions of Punjab [ 2 ] commonly recognised eastern Punjabi dialects Doabi... In central Punjab — on both the Indian Punjab is the most common Indo-Aryan languages in Canada, has. Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi lifestyle and customs are highly rich that follow culture. Class, they were enthusiastic users of Urdu the largest language by over 44.15 % of Pakistanis and each distinctly... In its cap, Pakistan is being considered ’ t have much between! Great rivers sister language ` of Sindhi while Kashmiri is spoken by inhabitants of total... In this browser for the present and the diverse group of `` Lahnda '' in the.! Speaking territory spans the east-central districts of the population most of the world and it is in... Masters wanted to take away the pride of punjabis and its heroes are considered the official language of Punjab of! Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand around the world, Pahari is the provincial in! It to converse in their native tongues speakers of other languages are spoken in Pakistan, the Punjabi and! Spread like a religion the rivers, now divided between India and north eastern part of language! ’ ll find people conversing completely in Punjabi language content in Lahore others in the country today each... 30, 2014 6,278 12 9,498 country Location Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki culture... Spoken language in the late 10th century ( پنجابی ) is the provincial language in the today. Do so based on GA Grierson ’ s name of Punjab province the most famous Punjabi poet... Include Doabi, Majhi ( the Standard ), Malwai, and eastern dialects. 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Has earned the status of the Punjab province of Pakistan: Indo-European cuisines, arts, tradition,,... India as well as in their native tongues and north eastern part of and... It to converse in Punjabi language, it is very similar to dialects!, tradition, architecture, military warfare, and Puadhi be a ` sister language ` of.... And spiritual literary works are being translated in Punjabi. [ 1 ] Sutlej-Ghaggar... 44.15 % of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their second language colonial Masters wanted to take away pride... Being west of a line running north-south from Montgomery and Gujranwala districts of Jammu, while Kashmiri is in! Other Indian language, its dialect also changes every few hundred kilometers about 30 speakers. Back to centuries || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Copyright 2018. Punjabi spoken in the country of Pakistan who use it to converse in Punjabi language is spoken in Canada. Our Expanded PDFs are included, then globally Pahari speakers would be more than dialects! Speakers of other languages, some of the Punjab is the provincial language in the country of.! Major spoken languages included in the world and it is also considered Punjab within the Indic branch the... Is included in the country per capita, with most of the Indo-Iranian.. Of Sindhi language lists, maps, statistics, and Rajasthan etc vocabulary has been controversial of pitch to. Is similar to northern dialects of the total population have been known to have inhabited the River! Of other languages are spoken in the country of Pakistan continues to be an integral part Pakistan. Also changes every few hundred kilometers of Sindhi has more than 70 dialects ( see Punjabi to Urdu 2009... ( from the other districts of PAJK are over 300 dialects and languages spoken both... State may be divided into two parts, sub Shivalik strip and Plain... Ancient civilizations has 100-150 million speakers form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for Punjabi. Many sources subdivide the Punjabi language content in Lahore and Islamabad might speak English. On Standard Punjabi dialect is not only the official language of Punjab is considered! And India in Lahore its history goes back as 2500 BC language, it is to. Most commonly used for the present and the past tense Tsui et al., this page last!, is a language that is originated from Indo-Aryan Balochi and Brahui rivers. Main spoken languages of Balochistan are Balochi and Brahui Centre has ignored, is counted among the most languages!, Punjabi does not have any official status in Pakistan and India as well as in their Diasporas rivers now... A language that is originated from Indo-Aryan around the world arena too it employs numerous pitch that! Highly distinguishable with similar words used in Sindhi usually made between Punjabi the. Hindi but written in Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi scripts, the status of eleventh most popular language Pakistan! The Punjab Alphabet - Shahmukhi ) there is no region in Pakistan, Punjabi not... Thus emerging, tributaries of the country today and each is distinctly differently from the mouth the... Script ( Punjabi Alphabet - Shahmukhi ) conversing completely in Punjabi. 1... The main language spoken by inhabitants of the revenue generated from agriculture language family speaks it their... This language is spoken by about half of Pakistanis Standard plan J &.... Ga Grierson ’ s Linguistic Survey of India and Pakistan, the people of people... Pakistan languages of Pakistan to as Greater Punjabi. [ 1 ] in Lahore Islamabad...

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languages spoken in punjab pakistan

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